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Tuberculosis: Disease and Prevention Info:
By the end of the course the participant will be able to:
- Identify the cause of tuberculosis (TB).
- Explain the risk factors for acquiring TB.
- Distinguish the differences between active tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis.
- Discuss how TB is spread, including how latent TB may become active.
- Describe the symptoms of latent and active TB.
- Explain the role of the lymph system in the dissemination of TB.
- Discuss four common diagnostic tests used to detect tuberculosis: chest x-ray, sputum cultures, PPD skin test, and QFT-G blood test.
- Describe the procedure for administering a PPD skin test and assessing the results.
- Explain the possible effects of the BCG vaccine on the PPD skin test.
- Define the term booster phenomenon.
- Explain the reason for screening healthcare workers and residents for TB.
- Discuss the role and activities of a public health department with respect to TB.
- Explain the treatment for active and latent TB.
- Define relapse and treatment failure of TB.
- Discuss multidrug-resistant TB.
- Discuss the following two public health efforts: DOTS and Stop TB.
- Describe the challenges of treating TB and ways public health officials encourage treatment compliance.
- A. Tuberculosis
- 1. What is TB
- 2. Alternative names
- 3. History
- 4. Incidence
- B. Infection with TB
- 1. Cause
- 2. TB bacterium
- 3. Active TB
- 4. Latent TB
- C. Development of TB disease
- 1. How it develops
- 2. How it is spread
- 3. Who is at risk
- 4. Increased risk
- D. TB symptoms
- 1. How it is acquired
- 2. Symptoms
- E. Dissemination of TB by the lymph system
- 1. The lymph system
- 2. Swollen lymph nodes
- A. Diagnostic testing for TB
- 1. Chest X-ray
- 2. Sputum cultures
- 3. PPD Skin Test/Tuberculin Skin Test (TST)
- 4. QFT-G blood test
- 5. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy
- 6. Biopsy
- B. Screening healthcare employees
- 1. Who must be screened
- 2. Screening techniques
- 3. Immunocompromised employees
- 4. PPD test
- a. Two step test
- b. Booster phenomenon
- C. Screening residents
- 1. Risk to employees
- 2. Nosocomial transmission
- A. Role of The Public Health Department & Care Facility
- 1. Role of public health
- 2. Programs to control TB
- 3. Public Health Prevention and Control Activities
- 4. Screening high risk populations
- B. Treatment of TB
- C. TB Medications and Regimens
- 1. Treating active TB
- 2. Treating latent TB
- 3. Treating extrapulmonary TB
- 4. Follow-up
- 5. Side effects
- 6. Compliance
- 7. Promoting adherence: DOTS
- 8. Relapse
- 9. Treatment failure
- 10. Relapse
- D. Compliance Factors and Challenges to TB Treatment
- 1. Key Elements of Effective Tuberculosis Care
- E. Multidrug Resistant TB (MDR-TB)
- 1. TB and HIV
- F. Need for new drugs and TB awareness
Sandra Flores, RN is a respected educator, consultant, and published author for the Assisted Living industry. Sandi is past president of the American Assisted Living Nurses Association representing the organization in Washington, DC as a board member of the Center for Excellence in Assisted Living. She serves as a consultant on resident care with over 3000 beds under clinical management. She also provides expert witness for legal review to industry providers. As an educator, Sandi has instructed more than twenty thousand residential care administrators and caregivers throughout the western United States. Sandi also co-authors a monthly column in the magazine Geriatric Nursing.
|Course Type||Online Course|