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ADHD: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Info:
This course will provide basic information concerning attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and the effect of this disorder on academic, emotional and behavioral success. Symptoms, behaviors, and treatment will be discussed. Participants will examine tips and strategies which can be utilized to help students be successful in a home environment and in the classroom.
By the end of this course participants will be able to:
- Contrast the differences among symptoms of the three types of ADHD.
- Recall common statistics about ADHD.
- Discuss the causes of ADHD.
- Describe the information that a health professional may need to gather, including conditions that may need to be ruled out, before making a diagnosis of ADHD.
- Discuss the common co-existing medical or psychological conditions that children with ADHD frequently have.
- Explain the treatments for ADHD.
- Discuss the behavior intervention tips that caregivers or parents may utilize to help children and/or teenagers with ADHD be more successful with life skills.
- I. What Is ADHD?
- a. Defining ADHD
- b. ADD vs. ADHD
- II. Symptoms of ADHD
- a. Subtypes of ADHD
- i. Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive
- ii. Predominantly inattentive
- iii. Combined hyperactive-impulsive and inattentive
- b. Symptoms of hyperactivity
- c. Symptoms of impulsivity
- d. Symptoms of inattention
- e. Other ADHD Diagnostic Criteria
- f. ADHD – Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type
- g. ADHD – Predominantly Inattentive Type
- h. ADHD – Combined Hyperactive-Impulsive and Inattentive Type
- III. What Will You See?
- a. Examples: ADHD – Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type
- i. “Can’t sit still”
- ii. Appear to be in constant motion
- iii. Squirming in seat, or fidgeting with hands or objects nearby
- iv. Making noises such as tapping of a pencil on the table or feet on the floor
- v. Running around touching or playing with whatever is in sight; sometimes knocking down whatever is in their way
- vi. Grabs objects from others without asking
- vii. Tendency to hit when upset
- viii. The impulsivity factor may make it difficult for them to wait their turn or simply wait in a line
- ix. May blurt out answers before the question is completed
- x. Teenagers and adults also feel a sense of restlessness (internal) and may feel a need to stay busy
- xi. Socially speaking it is more challenging for this child to interact appropriately with their peers
- b. Examples: ADHD – Predominately Inattentive Type
- i. In a classroom setting, would exhibit behaviors quite the opposite of the predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type student.
- ii. Significant challenges paying attention
- iii. May appear to be daydreaming, lethargic, “spacey”, confused easily, slow moving, or bored
- iv. May have issues completing assignments
- v. May struggle with expectations given by oral and/or written instructions
- c. Examples: ADHD – Combined Type
- i. Truly a combination of both the previous types
- IV. Statistics on ADHD
- a. Research according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC)
- b. Adults and ADHD
- i. It is estimated that between 30 to 70 percent of children with ADHD continue to display characteristics of the disorder as adults.
- V. Causes
- a. Genetics
- b. Altered brain function and anatomy
- c. Environmental factors
- d. Brain injuries
- e. A comment about sugar and food additives as a cause of ADHD
- VI. How ADHD Is Diagnosed
- a. Not all people who exhibit the behaviors mentioned about have ADHD
- b. No single test can diagnose a child as having ADHD
- c. Information Gathered by Specialist
- i. Review school and medical records
- ii. Evaluate classroom and homework environment
- iii. Gather information related to ongoing behaviors
- iv. Utilize formal rating scales with former and present instructors concerning observed behaviors of the child
- v. And much more
- d. Other possible conditions to rule out
- i. Neurological Issues
- ii. Middle ear infection
- iii. Iron Deficiency Anemia
- iv. Some medicines can produce side effects that mimic ADHD
- v. Allergies, Respiratory Problems, and Asthma
- vi. Hypoglycemia or diabetes
- vii. Thyroid Problems
- viii. Lead intoxication can lead to hyperactivity
- ix. Sudden changes in life:
- 1. Death in family
- 2. Birth in family
- 3. Divorce
- 4. Financial problems
- x. Stress, Anxiety, Boredom, and Depression
- xi. Learning disability frustrations
- xii. Attention needs
- xiii. Feeling too challenged in life
- e. Once a diagnosis has been made, the caregiver and/or family members will begin to receive whatever type of education, emotional, or medical assistance is needed.
- VII. As A Caregiver…
- a. You often spend many hours a day with an individual
- i. You may be the person who is the first to notice the behaviors of ADHD
- b. When observing behaviors of a resident that may have undiagnosed ADHD, think like the specialist and ask questions
- VIII. ADHD Specialists
- a. There are a number of health care professionals who can diagnose and treat a person with ADHD
- b. Should be made by a professional who has formal training
- c. Psychologist
- d. Neurologist
- e. Physician
- f. Clinical Social Worker and Mental Health Counselor
- IX. Co-Existing Conditions
- a. Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD)
- b. Conduct disorder
- c. Learning disabilities
- d. Anxiety discords
- e. Depression
- f. Bipolar disorder
- g. Tourette syndrome
- X. Treatment
- a. Medication
- b. Psychotherapy
- c. Support Groups
- d. Behavior Therapy
- e. Social Skills Training
- f. Parenting Skills Training
- XI. Behavior Intervention Tips
- a. Structure
- b. Schedules
- c. Organizational Skills
- d. Consistency
- e. Other Strategies
- XII. As A Parent or Caregiver…
- a. Finding the best possible way to help
- b. Be the individual’s advocate
- c. Seek needed attention from the appropriate specialist
- d. Learn as much as possible
- e. Provide a supportive environment
Josh Allen, RN
Josh Allen is a Registered Nurse with over 20 years of experience in senior living. As the Director of InTouch at Home, Josh oversees all aspects of business development, care, services, and operations for the organization. As a part of the SRG Senior Living family of companies, InTouch at Home delivers personalized care and services to clients living in senior living communities as well as private residences across three states.
Josh also serves on the board of the American Assisted Living Nurses Association, and represents AALNA on the boards of the Center for Excellence in Assisted Living and Coalition of Geriatric Nursing Organizations. Josh has previously served as President and CEO of Care and Compliance Group, a leading training solutions provider.
|Course Type||Online Course|